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Before you head over to our store and check out our very special Gabbeh collection rugs, let’s first help you learn a little about them.
What Are Gabbeh Rugs?
Gabbeh area rugs were first manufactured exclusively in Iran and are classified under Persian rugs. These rugs are special because weavers make them using top quality hand-spun Persian wool. The patterns of the rugs are not very intricate or complex; these rugs are simple and modern with geometrical patterns etched on them. Looking for a simplistic rug? Gabbeh Persian rugs have to be your ultimate choice.
Initially, the tribal people used these rugs as sleeping rugs in Iran and their colors ranged from ivory and beige to several shades of brown. These rugs are minimalistic in style, have a thick pile, and are velvety soft to walk on. If the rustic charm of Gabbeh rugs is your thing, don’t hesitate to buy one (or two) for your home!
Homeowners around the world have developed a growing fondness for Gabbeh Persian rugs due to their unique yet traditional style. Made from organically dyed wool, these rugs bring simplicity and snug comfort to your home. Gabbeh carpets can come in different shapes and sizes and can fit into different settings easily.
Categories of Gabbeh Rugs
When you go for purchasing Gabbeh rugs, you will find them categorized into different categories based on place of manufacturing, style, and design. Since we can’t have you getting confused moments before your purchase; we’re here to help you learn about a few common categories of Gabbeh rugs.
Basic Gabbeh: These rugs are coarse with a thick pile and a low knot count. They comprise of a large open field with very simple geometric designs in bright colors. They usually have tribal drawings of simplified humans and animals.
Amalehbaft Gabbeh: These are not as coarse as basic Gabbeh rugs and have a tighter weave with a short pile. These rugs comprise of simple patterns and very few design elements.
Kashkoli Gabbeh: These Gabbeh rugs have a fine and tight weave with a short and soft pile. They have fewer but simple and colorful geometric patterns.
Luribaft Gabbeh: These are very similar to Kashkoli rugs because they have a fine and tight weave and a soft pile. What differs is the fact that they are more sophisticated with detailed designs.
Gabbeh Soumak and Baluch Soumak: These rugs go against the very basis of Gabbeh rugs because they are flat woven and not thick-piled like typical Gabbeh rugs. They are colorful with tribal designs that dig right into the foundation of the rugs.
How Are Gabbeh Rugs Made?
The term Gabbeh describes modern rugs with minimalistic geometric patterns. These rugs are relatively thick and made from vegetable dyes. Due to the unique name, most people wonder exactly where weavers make Gabbeh rugs. To answer this question, the rugs manufactured by the tribal women of Qashqai and Luri in the South-West of Iran are Persian Gabbeh rugs, but more on this later. Made from organically dyed wool, handwoven by Gabbeh weavers with utmost care and precision, these rugs sport human, animal, and tree motifs in vibrant colors.
Today’s Gabbeh rugs match the minimalistic monochromatic décor of contemporary living spaces and fit perfectly with modern furnishings. Every Gabbeh runner is unique in its making, color combinations, designs, and artistic vision. Skilled Gabbeh weavers make use of their creative imagination and the environment to weave distinctive designs.
Where Are Gabbeh Rugs Made?
Exclusively in villages of Persian tribes, most of whom are the descendants of the Turks; Persian Gabbeh Rugs are one of the specialties of Iranian weavers. The most renowned manufacturers of Gabbeh are the Qashqai for their use of lively colors. Made from lustrous wool from areas in the South-West, Iran is the manufacturer of the most riveting Gabbeh rugs on the market. Woven by hand at home from a variety of weaving techniques, most of these rugs are a result of the brilliant craftsmanship of Iranian women.
In the earlier days, most of the rug merchants disregarded the beauty of these simple yet gorgeous rugs and called them unrefined and of poor quality. But, for the last fifteen years, these rugs have garnered the interests of homeowners of more modernized living spaces.
Today, people tend to find beauty in simplicity, which is exactly what Gabbeh collection rugs stand for. People recognize these rugs throughout the world for their lively charm, smooth texture, and minimalistic beauty. For the last decade, the production of Gabbeh carpets in Iran has increased due to increasing demand.
The Construction of Gabbeh Rugs
Even though it is very easy to recognize Gabbeh runners by their simple outlook and bold color combinations, if you’re going to purchase Gabbeh rugs collection for your home, you must know about their method of construction. This will not only help you spot a Gabbeh matting from a collection of different carpets but will also help you identify an authentic Persian Gabbeh rug.
Representation of Nomadic Life
The patterns and designs of Gabbeh carpets are a stark representation of the nomadic life of Persian tribes. The loom used can be dismantled and then set up easily as the tribe moves from one place to another, and the designs are not representative of a thoroughly followed pattern. Weavers in the earlier days wove traditional Gabbeh on a horizontal loom.
The materials for each of these rugs usually differ from one another, and the shapes are found to be slightly irregular. The weavers most probably did not have the proper equipment for the measurement of the size of these rugs. The smaller sizes indicate that the rugs were as such so they could be easily carried with the tribe in times of migration.
Traditional vs. Modern Gabbeh Rugs
The Gabbeh carpets that came out in the earlier days were roughly woven by primitive techniques and were usually made for personal use. The rugs were rough in shape and often very coarse. Moreover, their wide rows of multiple wefts made them soft for floor covering and bedding purposes.
The wool invested in the making of the foundation of Gabbeh carpets is of supreme quality. Weavers utilize the same wool for the pile of the carpets, and they turn out to be pliable and smooth. This top-quality Iranian wool is from grazing sheep in high altitudes which increases the production of lanolin. Lanolin gives the wool its luster, softness, and stain resistance.
The knots tied in Persian Gabbeh are either the Persian or Senna asymmetrical knots. But since the weavers are the descendants of the Turks, Turkish symmetrical knots can also be found on many of these rugs. The fringe of these rugs is usually quite short with the edges wrapped in two separate colors. In spite of the fact the earlier Persian Gabbeh carpets were coarse and rough, the commercially manufactured Gabbeh rugs are anything but. These rugs are soft and squishy with a thick pile.
The Design and Color of Gabbeh Rugs
We have already learned about the construction of Gabbeh rugs. Now, let’s delve in a little more detail about their design and color.
The Gabbeh design is vastly different from any other design; be it antique, modern, or one of the classic Persian designs. These rugs consist of striking color combinations, yet do not use too many different shades. The rugs embroidered with small motifs of birds, plants, humans, and animals look simple but modern. The styles fit a geometric pattern which leans more towards modern art than they do towards traditional Persian designs.
In the beginning, the Gabbeh carpet weavers did not use geometrical patterns and cartoon figures but incorporated their environment into the style and pattern of these rugs. As a result, these rugs turned out to be plain, simple, but warm and cozy. Exactly how the Persian nomadic life was. Every individual piece of Gabbeh traditional rugs was genuinely distinctive and unique in its identity.
From those days, these rugs have evolved into more elegant and refined rugs. Today, they are a true representation of modern abstract art and not just a simple representation of old nomadic life. The quality of these rugs has been improved to match modern standards and to fit well with present interior décor.
The bold and brash appearance of these rugs has made them very popular all around the globe, especially in the West where rugs with thick piles are generally preferred.
The colors used in Gabbeh rugs created by using vegetable dyes give the patterns and sketching on the mattings a very vivid and arresting appearance. As these dyes are organic – collected from sources like madder root, walnuts, and other plants and insects of the area where the tribe would currently reside – the variations in color stand out after the weaving of the rugs ends. These mutations give the rugs a rich and unique look.
Some Gabbeh carpets have no designs and patterns but are sceneries of bold colors coalescing into one another.
What Do We Know About Modern Gabbeh Rugs?
Most of the modern-day Gabbeh runners and carpets are vibrant in color and simplistic in design. The motifs are bold and striking, and the diverse mix of colors appeals to rug buyers from a sea of carpets.
Gabbeh carpets exhibit creativity and are undeniably unique from other categories of Persian rugs. Some of these rugs have animal forms and simplified human forms placed whimsically all over the carpet. Sometimes, you may find abstract objects designed in a monotonous pattern with rich colors and unique combinations. Often, the patterns make no sense at all but are a stupendous work of color variation on top quality Persian wool.
What really separates Persian Gabbeh carpets from other carpets is the wide variety of colors and their brilliance coming out in bold design elements. The simplistic beauty of Gabbeh carpets easily fits in a variety of modern interior décor. These rugs work equally well with contemporary décor and more traditional decorating schemes.
Even though these rugs are pretty flexible with whatever settings you place them in, we wouldn’t recommend them for formal rooms. The moods and colors of these rugs are a complete contrast to the decorum of formal rooms.
How to Clean Gabbeh Rugs?
There are a few golden rules to clean all Persian rugs including Gabbeh carpets. We will walk you through each of these steps below:
- Brush or vacuum the rug with suction only appliance regularly to prevent the build-up of grit and dirt.
- Keep the rug away from damp places and areas of intense heat. To keep the patterns vibrant, keep the rug away from direct sunlight.
- Pets often tend to use rugs as their scratching pad or chewing toy. Do not leave the rug unattended in the presence of a pet.
- Clean the rug regularly to prevent the infestation of moths and other pests.
- In case of spillage, immediately blot with some kitchen towels or plain paper.
Gear Up to Buy Discount Gabbeh Rugs!
We are hoping by now you know everything there is to know about Gabbeh collection rugs.
Now the next step is to visit RugKnots and browse through our exclusive collection of Gabbeh Rugs for sale up to 40% off on all types of Gabbeh rugs. So what are you waiting for? Visit RugKnots and delve into the world of finely woven rugs and carpets to make your next purchase.