Kilim rugs

Choosing the perfect area rug can be difficult. It is because, as rug experts, we can assure you that there is no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to these home decors. If you have been scouring the Internet for information on some of the best rugs that you can use in your home, you might find Kilim rugs in your search. They are one of the most popular area rugs that people can buy online. They can be woven in small and large sizes and various styles, colors, and designs. These area rugs can also be crafted in an array of motifs that will match any theme of your home. If you are looking for the best rugs that you can use to improve the looks of your home’s interior design, Kilim rugs should be your first choice.


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What are Kilim Rugs?

They are pile-less rugs that are generally flat in characteristic. Kilims are less costly and readily available as they are technically easier to create. These days, there has been a misconception that all oriental rugs are Kilim rugs. This is because their design looks the same at first glance. While most oriental rugs originate from the same regions where Kilims are usually woven, these two have their differences. Oriental rugs are a broad classification of rugs that are produced from the Balkan and Asian regions. Kilim rugs are just one of the many types of oriental rugs.

Kilim Motifs

Kilims represent decades of craftsmanship and culture. Some kilims are used as decorations while some are used for religious purposes such as prayer mats. Kilims come in different motifs and each has its own meaning and purpose. Motifs can be a fascinating element of these rugs. Some of the most notable motifs are:


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  • Elibelinde 

    – this motif represents fertility and motherhood. It is usually symbolized by a female figure with its hands on its hips. Elibelinde is probably the most common motif used in Turkish kilims and Pakistani rugs.
  • Tree of Life

    – the Tree of Life is one of the most popular symbols found in any craft. It symbolizes divinity and communication with God. This motif is usually found in such rugs.
  • Protection symbols

    – protection symbols are also used widely in Kilim rugs. Because of the tribal origins of these rugs, one can often find these kinds of symbols even in modern Kilims. Protection symbols usually take the form of crosses, eyes, amulets, and other various shapes. These symbols were highly regarded as they were believed to bring good luck and will drive away evil.

There are also motifs that are unique for each region like Pakistan, India, Turkey, Balkan, and other Asian countries.
As mentioned, Kilims represent the heritage and culture of the region where they are manufactures, and these are evident with the array of motifs and designs that you can find in these rugs.


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Availability of Kilims

The price and availability of Kilims are attributed to the types of fabric used in making Kilim rugs. The materials used to weave these rugs include cotton, silk, wool, and animal hair. Some are made with only one material, and some are also made with a combination of different fabric types. There are huge collections of Kilims available on the Internet, and many rug outlets also offer these rugs. However, due to the high demand, handmade Kilims of the highest quality are usually priced higher than other types of rugs. Kilims are a great starting point for rug collectors. They prize Kilims so much because they come in different colors and styles that will blend well with various design themes. 

History of Kilim Rugs

Kilims have been around for thousands of years now. Tracing the origins of these rugs is very hard. Experts believe that they are actually Turkish and they trace back to the 13th century. Initially, Kilims were made of animal skin and other organic materials.  After weaving was discovered, the materials used in creating these rugs shifted to the materials that are used in handmade rugs today such as animal hair, wool, cotton, and other organic fibers. Kilim rugs are used to decorate the furniture, floors, walls, and doors of houses. They were primarily woven and used by nomads throughout Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. Later, Moroccan nomadic tribes as well as Persians started weaving the kilims. They are one of the most durable and high-quality rugs. 


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Most vintage Kilim rugs are made using traditional weaving techniques, materials and tools. Most of the native artisans who produce these kinds of rugs use basic tools such as the loft, beating comb, and the shuttle. Antique looms made of wood and more modern complex metallic looms are used to make kilims. The main purpose of a loom is to hold the vertical strands or warps so that the horizontal strands or wefts are weaved easily. The loom has evolved from being a simple tool used to weave simple designs to a more sophisticated tool that allows artisans to make more sophisticated Kilim rugs. The purpose of beating combs is used to beat the fiber but most traditional weavers prefer to do this specific part of the weaving process by hand.

How are Kilim Rugs made?

Kilim area rugs are made using weaving techniques that have been used for thousands of years. One of the most popular techniques used in weaving a Kilim is the flatweave. The flatweave is further divided into more specific techniques such as: 


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  • Slit weave

    – the slit weave is the weaving technique that is commonly employed in creating Kilims. This is done by making the weft go around the last color of the warp. The slit weave is used to create smooth and reversible Kilims and is favored for weaving rugs with geometric patterns.
  • Plain weave

    – this weaving technique creates an even space between the warp and weft. Plain weave is the most basic technique when creating flat rugs.
  • Brocading

    – brocading is a process of weaving that adds wefts for supplemental patterns and designs. This is done using the traditional weaving technique but the extra wefts that are added make a raised pattern that can be customized to any design.
  • Soumak Weave

    – this is a weaving technique that uses mathematical patterns to create more complex designs. Since this technique employs the use of lots of time and incredible mastery in weaving, the "soumak weave" is also used in them.
  • Interweaving

    – Kilim rugs are created using the interweaving technique which is the most common technique when it comes to no-pile rugs. The weft and warp strands of are interweaved tightly in order to produce these rugs.

    Presently, Kilim and Dhurrie rugs can be produced using machines. However, handmade rugs are still the best option for people looking to purchase interior décor that can last them for decades.


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    Differences b/w Kilim Rugs and Traditional Rugs

    Rugs are a serious investment. Not all rugs that you see on the shelves are created equally. If you are looking for Kilim rugs, you will want to know how they are different from traditional rugs. Knowing these differences will help you make a great buying decision. There are actually major differences between Kilim and Traditional rugs. One is the mentioned weaving technique that is used in creating Kilim rugs. Kilims are woven using the flatweave method and this makes them have a generally flat and thinner characteristic than traditional rugs.
    Due to the flat nature of Kilims, they are mostly lightweight compared to the piled and knotted rugs. On the other hand, traditional rugs are extra soft because they have a pile that creates a raised surface. This makes the traditional rugs heavier and thicker than Kilims.


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    Things to Know when buying a Kilim Rug

    There are a couple of things that you need to take note of when you are considering to buy wool Kilim rugs. The first thing that you need to remember is to always look for handmade rugs. Weaving rugs is an art form and handmade rugs are crafted with care and skill. This results in the rugs lasting for years because the materials used are natural and of high-quality. You need to know these signs to judge whether a rug is handmade or machine-made. Flip the rug to the other side and if you can clearly see the design or the motif, then it should be handmade. The design is not clearly visible on the back of machine-made rugs. You can also inspect the materials used in the rugs. Most handmade Kilims use just one kind of material such as wool or cotton. The warps and wefts should be of the same thickness. Remember these tips on how not to get scammed when buying your first rug. Bearing these things in mind, you are now ready to purchase your Kilim rug.

    Of course, the next questions should be where can you buy these rugs? There are tons of online shops that sell Kilims, and Rugknots is one of the best places where you can find high-quality Kilim rugs hassle-free. We have been in the rug business for over 30 years and we have a huge collection of durable handmade Kilims. We offer free shipping to any address within the continental United States and 30-day free return policy.


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